Education System In India


Education in India was provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: federal, state, and local. Child education is compulsory. The Nalanda University was the oldest University (Education System) in the world. Western education became ingrained into Indian society with the establishment of the British Raj. Education in India falls under the control of both the Union Government and the States, with some responsibilities lying with the Union and the States having autonomy for others. The various articles of the Indian Constitution provide for education as a fundamental right. Most Universities in India are Union of State Government controlled.

distance education

There are two systems of education :

1. The Regular System
2. The Open System

In the regular system, the qualification requirements are must be fulfilled for enrolments. In the open system, the courses are open to any person who may not possess any formal qualifications.

But some distance learning institutions require Min. Age of 18 years for under- graduate and diploma courses and 21 years for postgraduate courses. Enrollment in some courses is subject to qualifying in a written examination.

DISTANCE EDUCATION system basically relates to corres- pondence courses wherein the students are not attending regular classes and yet can continue their studies.

However, the course contents, duration, mode of examination and degree awarded are the same as applicable to regular students.

The academic activities include study material supplied in regular instalments, evaluation of response sheets and personal contact programmer and/or radio teaching.


It is an inexpensive system. The employment market is highly competitive and the best jobs go to persons possessing requisite qualifications. In many organizations, getting promotions depend on the possession of higher qualifications. The correspondence courses provide them opportunities to enhance their educational qualifications and employment potential.


On the recommendation of the Board of Assessment for Educational Qualification, the Government of India has decided that all the qualifications awarded through distance education by the Universities established by an Act of Parliament or State Legislature, Institutions Deemed to be Universities under section 3 of UGC Act 1956 and Institutions of National Importance declared under an Act of Parliament stand automatically recognized for the purpose of employment to posts and services under the central government, provided it has been approved by Distance Education Council, Indira Gandhi National Open University, K76, Hauz Khas, New Delhi- 110016.